Read the book correctly
What is difficult in reading books-opened, read, closed. If reading is a way to amuse yourself or pass a free evening, then this is enough. But if you want to make something useful, get knowledge and experience, it’s not so simple. There are many scientific papers on the topic “how to read books correctly” by domestic and foreign scientists. Let’s focus on one study that was published in the 40s by Mortimer Adler, but is still relevant today. Adler claimed that you can read books in 4 ways:
Basic reading is the easiest way. We read, understand the meaning, follow the plot.
Inspection reading is a method that is used when you need to read a large volume in a short period of time. Quickly review the beginning of the page and the end, trying to remember the main thing.
Analytical reading – full immersion in the text. With this method, read carefully, slowly, make notes. The main thing is understanding and remembering what you read.
Research reading is a way to read professional books. They read several sources on the same topic at the same time.
Of these methods, we will focus in detail on the inspection reading and analytical. Both of these methods are relevant for modern people, but not everyone knows them.
The main feature of this method is surface reading. This skill can be useful in situations where there is no time for thoughtful reading. For example, when you need to quickly assess whether a book is suitable or not, refresh your memory of what you read. So, how do I learn to read books this way? The inspection reading consists of the following stages:
We read the title, study the cover of the book. By the way, many do not do this, immediately going to the content. And for good reason. Authors always pay great attention to the design of books. External design carries a certain message, guessing which much will become clear, even without seeing the text. Of course, this is only relevant for paper publications.
We study the first pages. To decide whether this book is necessary, be sure to study the annotation, Preface, and prologue. This way you can get an idea of any book.
Viewing the titles and last lines. This recommendation is for scientific and business literature. After viewing the end of the book, you will learn the main conclusions and decide whether the publication is suitable or not.
We study reviews. This is useful, but only if the reviews are written by real people.
What is all this for? To understand in a few minutes whether this book is necessary, whether it is suitable, and to choose what is necessary.
This type of reading will take a long time, so it should only be used for works that you want to remember for many years and get everything that the author has put into his work. So, how do I learn to read books correctly? The analytical method includes the following:
Find out information about the author. The author’s identity is important. For example, if a book about how to achieve material prosperity is written by a person who himself can not boast of a large fortune, then there will be no trust in the author and his advice.
We spend a few minutes studying the book using the inspection method. A brief analysis will not prevent you from creating a preliminary opinion about the work.
We return to the difficult and incomprehensible moments. We read the book quickly, without going into individual moments. The text that is interesting or unclear is marked with a bookmark and read on. The book has been read, and now we return to those fragments that are incomprehensible or interesting. We read carefully, and if necessary, we use additional sources for a better understanding.
Writing a resume. After the book is read, we make a report. It should contain answers to the following questions: what is the book about? What are the main events? Why did they happen? What does it have to do with what you read? Does your opinion coincide with the author’s point of view? What are the conclusions?
This way of reading can be called work. It requires a lot of time and attention, but it allows you to remember what you read for a long time, to understand the author’s ideas. Do not use the analytical method when reading romance novels or detective stories. But if the book struck, and the author made you think about important things, the method is what you need. How do You read your favorite books? What do you do to better remember what you read?